The symbol of pH refers to the potential or power of hydrogen ion concentration within the solution. Fluid volume excess may be related to a simple fluid overload or diminished function of the homeostatic mechanisms responsible for regulating fluid balance. Signs and symptoms include anorexia, nausea and vomiting, headache, lethargy, dizziness, confusionmuscle cramps and weakness, muscular twitching, seizures, dry skin, and edema.
A buffer is a chemical system set up to resist changes, particularly in hydrogen ion levels. Excessive loss of sodium is associated with decreased volume of body fluid.
Hyperphosphatemia is a serum phosphorus level that exceeds 4. Respiratory acidosis occurs when breathing is inadequate and PaCO2 builds up. Hyperkalemia refers to a potassium level greater than 5. Diets low or excessive in electrolytes could also cause electrolyte imbalances. The cell membrane separates the intracellular environment from the extracellular environment.
Location of Fluids Main compartments. Normal Intake and Output Daily intake. Low or high electrolyte intake. The major compound controlled by the lungs is CO2, and the respiratory system can very rapidly compensate for too much acid and too little acid by increasing or decreasing the respiratory rate, thereby altering the level of CO2.
Classification There are different fluid volume disturbances that may affect an individual. Nutrients and oxygen should enter body cells while waste products should exit the body. If the pH is 7, then the solution is neutral. Potential of Hydrogen pH.
Negative and Positive Feedback Feedback is the relaying of information about a given condition to the appropriate organ or system. Furthermore, an evaluation of the implemented nursing and medical treatment will also be discussed in this report. Richards growing dysphasia, his difficulty in comprehending language combined with decreased communication has led to an inadequate oral intake Lewis, Filtration is the transport of water and dissolved materials concentration already exists in the cell.
Richards compounding co-morbid chronic medical conditions. However, due to the absence of an acute medical condition, the emphasis on the normal age-related changes impacting on Mr. An adult human at rest takes appropriately 2, ml of fluid daily. There is good evidence to suggest that, as we age, it becomes harder to maintain homeostatic levels of fluid and electrolytes Woodrow, Important intracellular electrolytes are potassium, magnesium, sulfate, and phosphate, and the most dominant cation iss potassium while the most dominant anion is phosphate.
This is the balance of positive and negative charges. Body fluids are divided between two main compartments: Richards fluid and electrolyte balance will be discussed. Hypercalcemia is calcium level greater than Retention of sodium is associated with fluid retention.
Electrolyte concentrations are measured according to their chemical activity and expressed as milliequivalents. Body fluid is located in two fluid compartments: Hypocalcemia are serum levels below 8.
Causes Causes of fluid and electrolyte imbalances are discussed below in general. A combination of reasons exists as to why Mr. Each chemical element has an electrical charge, either positive or negative. The thirst center in the hypothalamus stimulates or inhibits the desire for a person to drink.
An acid is one type of compound that contains the hydrogen ion. Also, a lack of mobility, reduced energy levels, muscle atrophy and fatigue due to end stage motor neuron deterioration, has produced loss of appetite and a bed bound state that has exacerbated Mr. Richards and his wife have both accepted his poor prognosis and deterioration as reflected by orders not to resuscitate, intubate or ventilate.
Active transport mechanisms require specific enzymes and an energy expenditure in the form of adenosine triphosphate ATP.Use our quick fluids and electrolytes reference guide, CE and articles to master this information.
Journal of Infusion Nursing, May/June Case Studies in Fluid and Electrolyte Therapy Journal of Infusion Nursing, August I.V. Essentials: Fluid management basics. Fluid and electrolyte balance is a dynamic process that is crucial for life and homeostasis.
Fluid occupies almost 60% of the weight of an adult.; Body fluid is located in two fluid compartments: the intracellular space and the extracellular space.; Electrolytes in body fluids are active chemicals or cations that carry positive charges.
Patient Case Study: Fluid & Electrolyte Imbalance This patient case study report will outline the contributing factors related to a fluid and electrolyte imbalance, whilst assessing the medical and nursing management for the patient. Patient teaching: drugs, fluid restrictions, electrolyte replacements CASE STUDY #2 A 65 year old female is admitted to your unit complaining of nausea, vomiting.
Fluid and Electrolyte Case Study. CONCEPT: Fluid and Electrolytes NUR CONCEPT: Inflammation NUR History of Present Illness: U.C. is a 65 year old gentleman with a 12 year history of ulcerative colitis.
Patient Case Study: Fluid & Electrolyte Imbalance This patient case study report will outline the contributing factors related to a fluid and electrolyte imbalance, whilst assessing the medical and nursing management for the patient/5(1).Download